[KINDLE] ❃ Down and Out in Paris and London By George Orwell – E-inbusiness.co.uk

Down and Out in Paris and London This Unusual Fictional Account In Good Part Autobiographical Narrates Without Self Pity And Often With Humor The Adventures Of A Penniless British Writer Among The Down And Out Of Two Great Cities The Parisian Episode Is Fascinating For Its Expose Of The Kitchens Of Posh French Restaurants, Where The Narrator Works At The Bottom Of The Culinary Echelon As Dishwasher, Or Plongeur In London, While Waiting For A Job, He Experiences The World Of Tramps, Street People, And Free Lodging Houses In The Tales Of Both Cities We Learn Some Sobering Orwellian Truths About Poverty And Society Orwell demonstrates his social conscience and empathy for the poor, which I think, makes hisfamous attacks on totalitarianismcredible This is also an interesting novel to read for a glimpse into Paris and London of that time, between 1900 and 1930 Orwell worked in some restaurants and his view from the kitchen is far less romantic than Hemingway s perspective from the table.Not really a classic or a masterpiece, but a book that should be read. this book isn t going to cause anyone to have the huge revelation that poverty is hard or anything, because duh but it also doesn t piss me off the way morgan spurlock pisses me off, because orwell makes his story come alive and there is so much local color, so many individual life stories in here that this book, despite being horribly depressing, is also full of the resourcefulness of man and the resilience of people that have been left by the wayside it is triumphant, not manipulative this book isn t going to cause anyone to have the huge revelation that poverty is hard or anything, because duh but it also doesn t piss me off the way morgan spurlock pisses me off, because orwell makes his story come alive and there is so much local color, so many individual life stories in here that this book, despite being horribly depressing, is also full of the resourcefulness of man and the resilience of people that have been left by the wayside it is triumphant, not manipulative.i liked the part when he was down and out in paris better than the part he was down and out in england even though he had a handy exit strategy in england, in the form of someone who was willing to lend him money when he was truly and completely broke, and even though he only had to live the tramp s life for a month in england before his job started, the english parts were just so muchdismal, so horrifyingly bleak in paris, poverty is almost a lark the accommodations are better, the homeless are allowed to congregate beneath bridges and these is almost a romantic tinge to being penniless.england is just grim flat out grim big ups to orwell for his details the smells and the disease and the horror of unwashed men being forced into cramped quarters are unfortunately very well rendered and can be quite sickening at times and the conditions of fine parisian restaurants at the time shudder don t read this while you are eating.but this book will make you want to eat, truly the days without food, the dizziness, the suffering i ate like a hog on sunday, and felt very guilty for doing so while reading this, but it left such a hollow in me, i had to fill it somehow and yes, this book was somewhat fabricated, and is like thoreau in the wilderness, but that doesn t make orwell s observations any less legitimate or powerful thank you for writing such a fine book, george orwell It is a feeling of relief, almost of pleasure, at knowing yourself at last genuinely down and out You have talked so often of going to the dogs and well, here are the dogs, and you have reached them, and you can stand it It takes off a lot of anxiety In 1927 Eric Arthur Blair A.K.A George Orwell gives up his job as a policeman in Burma and moves back to his lodgings on Portobello Road in London with the intention of being a writer Like with many artists, writers, and those that wished t It is a feeling of relief, almost of pleasure, at knowing yourself at last genuinely down and out You have talked so often of going to the dogs and well, here are the dogs, and you have reached them, and you can stand it It takes off a lot of anxiety In 1927 Eric Arthur Blair A.K.A George Orwell gives up his job as a policeman in Burma and moves back to his lodgings on Portobello Road in London with the intention of being a writer Like with many artists, writers, and those that wished to be one or the other, the siren song of Paris beckoned Orwell In 1928 he moves to The City of LightIt was lamplight that strange purplish gleam of the Paris lamps and beyond the river the Eiffel Tower flashed from top to bottom with zigzag skysigns, like enormous snakes of fire His lodgings are robbed by an Italian man a trollop he has brought back to his room for what can be presumed for a carnal dalliance, but one must have a proper story for the parents especially when one is soliciting funds This is really the beginning of a rather abrupt slide into poverty Little did he know this change of circumstances was going to provide him with the material he needed to get published A gagger beggar or street performer of any kind.I do hope that everyone has had an opportunity to experience some poverty When I was in college I had several moments where my gas tank was on E, that amber dot nearly burned a hole in my retina, and well food, skipping a few meals builds character The one thing that I learned about my brief bouts of impecuniousness was that I didn t like it The anxiety of potentially revealing the precarious nature of my affairs was muchexcruciating than the discomfort of hunger or even the tension inspired by the keenly tuned ear listening intently for the first cough of an engine starved for gas The mind does sharpen when deprived of nutrients.A moocher one who begs outright, without pretense of doing a trade A slice of Orwell s Paris.Orwell does become truly down and out barely scraping together enough money to maintain lodging Everything pawnable or salable is already in the shops and now he must find a job He tramps for miles all over the city following rumors of employment He finally lands a position at a hotel restaurant washing dishes It isn t particularly difficult work, but the hours are unbelievably long Since he is on the lowest rung of the very tall totem pole he is roundly cursed by everyoneDo you see that That is the type of plongeur they send us nowadays Where do you come from, idiot From Charenton I suppose There is a large lunatic asylum at Charenton From England, I said I might have known it Well, mon cher monsieur, L Anglais, may I inform you that you are the son of a whore I got this kind of reception every time I went to the kitchen, for I always made some mistake I was expected to know the work, and was cursed accordingly From curiosity I counted the number of times I was called maquereau during the day, and it was thirty nine.A glimmer one who watches vacant motor cars Down and Out in parisThere is a camaraderie that comes from working long hours, from getting up with aching muscles, and a wool stuffed head from too little sleep While in college I worked for a used bookstore that was the size of a grocery store We were always understaffed, sometimes ridiculously understaffed We needed three cashiers and generally had two We needed three book buyers and generally had one It wasn t infrequent for people to work double shifts, not for the money, but because we couldn t stand to think of our comrades left facing impossible odds What was crazy is after we closed the store we would sit out in the parking lot, or when we could afford it go get a drink, and talk about books or about the craziness that happened during our shift until the wee hours of the morning We were as bonded as soldiers in the trench because we were survivors We didn t bother to learn much about newbies until they had been there a month because chances were they would last a week or less We were working for 4 an hour A drop money given to a beggar The endless stream of dirty dishes is truly an Orwellian nightmare.While working in this fine restaurant Orwell did reveal some things that made me queasyWhen a steak, for instance, is brought up for the head cook s inspection, he does not handle it with a fork He picks it up in his fingers and slaps it down, runs his thumb around the dish and licks it to taste the gravy, runs it round and licks again, the steps back and contemplates the piece of meal like an artist judging a picture, then presses it lovingly into place with his fat, pink fingers, every one of which he has licked a hundred times that morning But the place of course is kept spic and span, rightEverywhere in the service quarters dirt festered a secret vein of dirt, running through the garish hotel like the intestines through a man s body You may reassure yourself that restaurants are much better regulated now than they were in Paris in the 1920s and they are, but chat with a few people who work in the industry and it may not be as easy to reassure yourself A flattie a policeman.I always marvel at people that make a complete ass out of themselves berating a waiter in a restaurant The distance that food must be carried from the cook to the table there is so much time for a waiter to enact some form of petty, but very satisfying revenge on some disrespectful jerk.To knock off to steal Waiters in good hotels do not wear moustaches, and to show their superiority they decree that plongeurs shall not wear them either and the cooks wear the moustaches to show their contempt for the waiters Thus Orwell had to shave his moustaches.Henry Miller was in Paris about the same time as Orwell Miller wrote his books without worrying about what mommy and daddy might think Orwell certainly put his remembrances through a strainer and certainly this book does not have the gritty intensity of a Miller novel The descriptions of his time in the Paris restaurants are superbly drawn They were certainly my favorite parts of the book When he gets back to London he spends time tramping through the various charity houses and reveals the absurdity of the way they are run He also makes a compelling case for changing the public view of who a tramp really is A quick, enjoyable read, that for me, brought back some surprisingly fond memories of when I REALLY worked for living and yet, still walked the razor edge of weekly impoverishment 3.75 stars out of 5 Down and Out in Paris and London, George OrwellDown and Out in Paris and London is the first full length work by the English author George Orwell, published in 1933 It is a memoir in two parts on the theme of poverty in the two cities The first part is an account of living in near destitution in Paris and the experience of casual labour in restaurant kitchens The second part is a travelogue of life on the road in and around London from the tramp s perspective, with descriptions of the types o Down and Out in Paris and London, George OrwellDown and Out in Paris and London is the first full length work by the English author George Orwell, published in 1933 It is a memoir in two parts on the theme of poverty in the two cities The first part is an account of living in near destitution in Paris and the experience of casual labour in restaurant kitchens The second part is a travelogue of life on the road in and around London from the tramp s perspective, with descriptions of the types of hostel accommodation available and some of the characters to be found living on the margins 2006 1362 318 20 1385 269 964667190 1389 9789642763474 1394 286 97860052055581933 1928 1927 Do not read this book while eating I ve been told that this book is semi autobiographical If so, George Orwell had an eveninteresting life than I d imagined This book was disturbing, insightful and also funny great, great characters, some just plain weird The first half of the book depicts the main character s experiences living in poverty in Paris.Some of the descriptions about the living and working conditions are quite gruesome All those bugs Orwell shedslight on what it mu Do not read this book while eating I ve been told that this book is semi autobiographical If so, George Orwell had an eveninteresting life than I d imagined This book was disturbing, insightful and also funny great, great characters, some just plain weird The first half of the book depicts the main character s experiences living in poverty in Paris.Some of the descriptions about the living and working conditions are quite gruesome All those bugs Orwell shedslight on what it must feel like to be poor the ennui etc.I don t think I ll be able to eat at a Parisian restaurant anytime soon because now I m a little paranoid about the cooking conditions.The second half of the book finds the protagonist back in London and we learnabout what it means to be a tramp Equally as disgusting descriptions as those in the Paris section, especially the part where several tramps had to use the same bucket of dirty water for cleaning themselves up, yuck Orwell definitely puts a human face on the tramps He explains how tramping is a huge social problem and then suggests how this problem can be remedied As I live in Vancouver, the Canadian city with the highest number of homeless people, I agree with his explanations and thoughts.My only gripe was with this particular edition of the book Way too many typos, both in English and in French Also, they censored out some of the swear words, bizarre.Fantastic book Orwell rarely disappoints me with his wit and insight The filmMidnight in Parisbegins with some beautiful scenes of Paris the Louvre, Notre Dame, the Seine, the Sorbonne, the Eiffle Tower, the arc de triomphe And before long, arrives a parade of artistes from the 1920s milieu Hemmingway, Bunuel, Dali, etc, all speaking SparkNotes But in the distant background very distant I hear a faint sound ofet in arcadia egoand Orwell protests say, I was there in the 1920s too I saw all that And I wrote a damn fine book about it That bo The filmMidnight in Parisbegins with some beautiful scenes of Paris the Louvre, Notre Dame, the Seine, the Sorbonne, the Eiffle Tower, the arc de triomphe And before long, arrives a parade of artistes from the 1920s milieu Hemmingway, Bunuel, Dali, etc, all speaking SparkNotes But in the distant background very distant I hear a faint sound ofet in arcadia egoand Orwell protests say, I was there in the 1920s too I saw all that And I wrote a damn fine book about it That book is Down and Out in Paris and London, written later on in England he wrote 2 books while in Paris but he destroyed them after one rejection He regretted doing that If I were to take a stroll, la Midnight in Paris , I might find myself on 6 rue du Pot de Fer, 1928 Salope Salope How many times have I told you not to squash bugs on the wallpaper Do you think you ve bought the hotel, eh Why can t you throw them out of the window like everyone else Putain Salope The woman on the third floor Vache Quarrels, and the desolate cries of street hawkers, and the shouts of children chasing orange peel over the cobbles, and at night loud singing and the sour reek of the refuse carts, made up the atmosphere of the street.It was a very narrow street a ravine of tall, leprous houses, lurching towards one another in queer attitudes, as though they had all been frozen in the act of collapse All the houses were hotels and packed to the tiles with lodgers, mostly Poles, Arabs and Italians At the foot of the hotels were tiny bistros, where you could be drunk for the equivalent of a shilling On Saturday nights about a third of the male population of the quarter was drunk There was fighting over women, and the Arab navvies who lived in the cheapest hotels used to conduct mysterious feuds, and fight them out with chairs and occasionally revolvers At night the policemen would only come through the street two together It was a fairly rackety place And yet amid the noise and dirt lived the usual respectable French shopkeepers, bakers and laundresses and the like, keeping themselves to themselves and quietly piling up small fortunes It was quite a representative Paris slum No Peugeots here Orwell was not living a glamourous life He had recently thrown away a promising career in Burma, and was determined to make it as a writer or die trying He published a few articles, but soon runs out of money and must find work He takes a job as a foreigner, not seriously illegal washing dishes at the luxury hotel Lotti in 1929 That experience is the Paris segment of the book He returns to England at the end of the year and tramps around with the down and out for the London part The lifestyle of a tramp was unhealthy and mean One ate cat s meat, and wore newspaper instead of underclothes, and used the wainscoting of his room for firewood, and made himself a pair of trousers out of a sack It is boring, a tramp s sufferings are entirely useless He lives a fantastically disagreeable life, and lives it to no purpose whatever It is exhausting, he had not eaten since the morning, had walked several miles with a twisted leg, his clothes were drenched, and he had a halfpenny between himself and starvation And it is no fun, tramps are cut off from women On the bright side, poverty frees them from ordinary standards of behaviour, just as money frees people from work It is altogether curious, your first contact with poverty You have thought so much about poverty it is the thing you have feared all your life, the thing you knew would happen to you sooner or later and it, is all so utterly and prosaically different You thought it would be quite simple it is extraordinarily complicated You thought it would be terrible it is merely squalid and boring It is the peculiar lowness of poverty that you discover first the shifts that it puts you to, the complicated meanness, the crust wiping The first version of Down and Out is completed by Oct 1930, under the name George Orwell used for the first time, to protect his upper lower middle class parents The French translation La Vache Enrag e is published in 1935 Orwell s inspirations for this book, indeed this life The Lower DepthsMaggie, a Girl of the Streets and Selected StoriesThe People of the AbyssThe RoadThe Life of Mr Richard Savage, Son of the Earl RiversGerminalThemes impoverishment, failure, privation, penury, leftovers, overextended, pennilessness, beggary, pauperism, difficulties, reduced circumstances, hunger, lack, want, dearth, depletion, exhaustion, vacuity, meagerness, dogged, indigent, impecuniousness, need, hardship, suffering, misery, dirt, filth, grime, lowness, grunge, muck, dust, rats, bugs, vermin, trapped, penury, destitution, greasiness, smelly icky slums, vagrancy, exiguity, mendicancy, down, out, crust wiping, and all things squalid First published in 1933, this was George Orwell s first full length book which made it into print Although it reads as though the events within it were concurrent, in fact much of the latter part of the book was published as an essay, titled, The Spike, while the author was in Paris However, the fact that events do not necessarily follow the narrative, certainly does not invalidate the book, or the points that Orwell makes sadly still very valid today.The first half of the book sees Orwell First published in 1933, this was George Orwell s first full length book which made it into print Although it reads as though the events within it were concurrent, in fact much of the latter part of the book was published as an essay, titled, The Spike, while the author was in Paris However, the fact that events do not necessarily follow the narrative, certainly does not invalidate the book, or the points that Orwell makes sadly still very valid today.The first half of the book sees Orwell in Paris Although certainly not flush, he does not experience poverty until his meagre savings are stolen Orwell s aunt was, as we now know, in Paris at the time although we do not know whether she helped him financially Whether she did or not, it is certainly that he did experience financial hardship and that this led him to taking up work as a lowly dishwasher in hotels and restaurants The scenes of hotel life are so vividly written that you have no problem imagining the organised chaos, sheer filth and wonderfully exotic characters that exist within the pages Paris, at that time, had a huge Russian migr population and Orwell is befriended by Boris, a Russian refugee and waiter Through him, Orwell embarks on arduous attempts to find work When work is finally obtained, the seventeen hour days, exhaustion and grinding work is offset by the possibility of eating regularly Some of the characters in the Paris section of the book work so long that they seem trapped in kitchens and hotels around the city If you go out for a meal after reading this book I will be very surprised In the book, Orwell returns to England after finally being driven to write to a friend to help him find work When he arrives in London, he is lightly told that his employers had gone abroad for a month, but I suppose you can hang on till then Of course, things did not happen quite this way as we know, the London part of the book was written before the Paris section Orwell was later to insist that the events within the book had taken place, albeit not in the order they are written here and it is not necessarily important that a little artistic tension is used to give the storyline a little tension The London section of the book sees Orwell living as a tramp in London A real down and out, tramping from one hostel, or spike to another He shows the reality of that life of being forced to move on constantly, because of rules which refused a man a bed two nights running, the way the tramps were forced into prayer meetings for a cup of tea and a bun, of their resentment and discomfort, of laws which meant the police could move tramps on if they were asleep and the general discomfort and filth they lived with.This is moving journalism, which really presents a vivid portrait of a life on the edge As Orwell points out, when funds are low panic sets in When there is nothing, there is just existence from one meal to the next He makes many valid points about how the poor are treated and how their life could be improved Having just read a news report which suggested that so many people in Britain are reduced to using food banks due to problems with their benefit payments and punitive punishments, you have to sadly conclude that his conclusions about the treatments of people living in poverty are stillthan valid As anyone who has read 1984 can attest, Orwell is among other things a master of disgust, a writer who can describe a squalid apartment building, an aging painted whore or a drunken old man with just the right details to make the reader s nose twitch with displeasure, his stomach rise into the throat with revulsion What makes this book so good is that although he may continually evoke this reaction in his account of the working and the wandering poor Orwell never demeans or dismisses the hu As anyone who has read 1984 can attest, Orwell is among other things a master of disgust, a writer who can describe a squalid apartment building, an aging painted whore or a drunken old man with just the right details to make the reader s nose twitch with displeasure, his stomach rise into the throat with revulsion What makes this book so good is that although he may continually evoke this reaction in his account of the working and the wandering poor Orwell never demeans or dismisses the human beings who live in this repulsive environment The people he describes may be disgusting, but they are often resourceful too, and Orwell makes it clear that it is the economic system itself not the character flaws of particular individuals caught up in the system which is to blame for so much squalor and suffering I would recommend this book to any one who wishes to read a vivid description of the conditions of those who live beneath the underbelly of society and the stratagems they use to survive, whether they be recently impoverished men endeavoring to maintain respectability, Paris dishwashers sweating through their underground existence, or British tramps enduring the daily bone wearying trek for a cheap place to lay their heads What I learned from this book in no particular order 1 There is hardly such a thing as a French waiter in Paris the waiters are all Italian and German They just pretend to be French to be able to affect that certain hauteur and charge you exorbitant prices for that mediocre Boeuf Bourgignon.2 Some of them are spies Waitering is a common profession for a spy to adopt It is also a popular profession among AWOL ex soldiers and wannabe snobs.3 Real scullery maids do curse like a scullion What I learned from this book in no particular order 1 There is hardly such a thing as a French waiter in Paris the waiters are all Italian and German They just pretend to be French to be able to affect that certain hauteur and charge you exorbitant prices for that mediocre Boeuf Bourgignon.2 Some of them are spies Waitering is a common profession for a spy to adopt It is also a popular profession among AWOL ex soldiers and wannabe snobs.3 Real scullery maids do curse like a scullion hey, that s a Hamlet quotation No doubt Shakespeare had watched a real life Elizabethan scullion at work 4 Men cooks are preferred to women, not because of any superiority in technique, but for their punctuality in delivering orders The only woman cook featured in the book has nervous breakdowns at exactly 12 pm, 6 pm and 9 pm every day, although it must be noted that they are caused by circumstances that are beyond her control.5 A French cook will spit in the soup that is, if he is not going to drink it himself He is an artist, but his art is not cleanliness To a certain extent he is even dirty because he is an artist, for food, to look smart, needs dirty treatment.6 A steak will not be handled with a fork the cook will just pick it up in his fingers and slap it down, run his thumb round the dish and lick it to taste the gravy He will further press it lovingly with his fat, pink fingers, every one of which he has licked a hundred times that morning When he is satisfied, he takes a cloth and wipes his fingerprints from the dish, and hands it to the waiter.7 And the waiter, of course, will dip HIS fingers into the gravy his nasty, greasy fingers which he is forever running through his briliantined hair.8 The scullery is the filthiest part of all it is nothing unusual for a waiter to wash his face in the water in which clean crockery is rinsing.9 The Plongeur is the lowest kitchen worker in a French restaurant who deals with the dirtiest, sweatiest work available However, he is allowed two liters of wine a day, because otherwise, he will steal three Everyone seems to work faster when partially drunk anyway.10 A bum s life, whether in Paris or London, is a real BUMMER.BUT SERIOUSLY,George Orwell went slumming in Paris and London, and the result is probably one of the best written accounts of the bumming life ever penned However, don t read it if you are sensitive to pungent, unsparing descriptions of filthy kitchens, foul body odors, bug infested beds and other unsavory aspects of a life gone to the dogs


About the Author: George Orwell

Eric Arthur Blair, better known by his pen name George Orwell, was an English author and journalist His work is marked by keen intelligence and wit, a profound awareness of social injustice, an intense opposition to totalitarianism, a passion for clarity in language, and a belief in democratic socialism.In addition to his literary career Orwell served as a a police officer with the Indian Imperia Eric Arthur Blair, better known by his pen name George Orwell, was an English author and journalist His work is marked by keen intelligence and wit, a profound awareness of social injustice, an intense opposition to totalitarianism, a passion for clarity in language, and a belief in democratic socialism.In addition to his literary career Orwell served as a a police officer with the Indian Imperial Police in Burma from 1922 1927 and fought with the Republicans in the Spanish Civil War from 1936 1937 Orwell was severely wounded when he was shot through his throat Later the organization that he had joined when he joined the Republican cause,The Workers Party of Marxist Unification POUM , was painted by the pro Soviet Communists as a Trotskyist organization Trotsky was Joseph Stalin s enemy and disbanded Orwell and his wife were accused of rabid Trotskyism and tried in absentia in Barcelona, along with other leaders of the POUM, in 1938 However by then they had escaped from Spain and returned to England Between 1941 and 1943, Orwell worked on propaganda for the BBC In 1943, he became literary editor of the Tribune, a weekly left wing magazine He was a prolific polemical journalist, article writer, literary critic, reviewer, poet and writer of fiction, and, considered perhaps the twentieth century s best chronicler of English culture Orwell is best known for the dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty Four published in 1949 and the satirical novella Animal Farm 1945 they have together soldcopies than any two books by any other twentieth century author His 1938 book Homage to Catalonia, an account of his experiences as a volunteer on the Republican side during the Spanish Civil War, together with numerous essays on politics, literature, language, and culture, are widely acclaimed.Orwell s influence on contemporary culture, popular and political, continues decades after his death Several of his neologisms, along with the term Orwellian now a byword for any oppressive or manipulative social phenomenon opposed to a free society have entered the vernacular


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